Prevention

Want to keep your cholesterol levels in the healthy range? Eating right and exercising are the best ways to prevent high cholesterol. Not smoking and staying at a healthy weight are also important.

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A heart-healthy lifestyle can help you prevent high cholesterol. This lifestyle helps lower your risk for a heart attack and stroke.

Eat heart-healthy foods.

  • Eat fruits, vegetables, whole grains (like oatmeal), dried beans and peas, nuts and seeds, soy products (like tofu), and fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
  • Replace butter, margarine, and hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils with olive and canola oils. (Canola oil margarine without trans fat is fine.)
  • Replace red meat with fish, poultry, and soy protein (like tofu).
  • Limit processed and packaged foods like chips, crackers, and cookies.

Be active.

  • Exercise can improve your cholesterol level. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week. Walking is a good choice. You also may want to do other activities, such as running, swimming, cycling, or playing tennis or team sports.

Stay at a healthy weight.

  • Lose weight if you need to.

Don’t smoke.

  • If you need help quitting, talk to your doctor about stop-smoking programs and medicines. These can increase your chances of quitting for good.

©2019 Healthwise, Incorporated. This information does not replace the advice of a doctor.

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Causes & Risk Factors

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Diagnosis

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Complications

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Treatment

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Management

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